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  • 1.3 Pastiche, Cartoon and Caricature
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Pastiche  (  fr . _pastiche  ,  it. pasticcio,) in fine art, means a work, which deliberately imitates another work in substance or style. Pastiche may be committed, taunting or humorous. A cartoon or caricature  (  it. . caricare_  = to load) is an exaggerated  image, which deliberately draws attention to a characteristic, or action, of either a real or imaginative person. Cartoons and caricatures make use of satire, critique and humour, which is expressed visually. Caricatures and cartoons may be political or non-political.

With pastiche, the viewer usually recognises the original work being used as a starting point. Pastiche creates something new i.e. is original and is protected under the Copyright Act as a work of art, provided that it meets the prerequisites of originality and therefore is considered a work. Sometimes it may be difficult to draw a line and it is unclear whether the pastiche violates the moral rights of the original work used as its basis. Pastiches have traditionally been made in connection with fine art education, however, artists also create pastiches. Pastiche seeks to imitate one or more well-known works or genres. Pastiche differs from  parody in that pastiche does not intend to mock its object of imitation

 As a rule, pastiches, cartoons and caricatures are independent, freely adapted works that have been created by freely adapting previous works. In this case, the author of a new work, pastiche, cartoon or caricature, does not require the consent of the original work's right holder (Section 4 of the Copyright Act). There is, however, no exception as such in the Copyright Act concerning parodies, cartoons and caricatures. The EU Copyright Directive refers to the use of a work in caricatures and pastiches as possible and permissible, provisional exceptions.


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