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Summary for the impatient

  • To edit the Wiki, you need to be logged in with your Aalto account.
  • Write using your own words.
    • Please do not copy-paste things from Wikipedia or other digital sources.
    • Text generated by ChatGPT or other AI-based systems is not allowed in the Wiki. However, you may use AI-based systems to learn more about the topic. Just be careful as the generated information may not be correct.
    • Copy-pasting from digital sources or direct use of AI-generated text is trivial to detect and will have a strong negative effect on your grade.
  • Please read carefully at least the Figures and Citations sections below. Not following the guidelines in those sections will have a negative effect on your grade.


  • To edit the Wiki, you need to be logged in with your Aalto account.
  • To create a new Wiki page: Simply click one of the ready-made links in the Wiki (usually, red underlined text) and this creates an empty page for you.
  • If there is not ready-made link for your topic, you may ask the teacher to create the empty page for you.
  • You don't have to write directly into the Wiki. Instead, it might be more convenient to write the first drafts with Word (or similar). Then, you can later copy the contents to the Wiki.
  • Some basic advice for the Wiki editor are given below. Furthermore, you could have a look at this video from the company that has created the Wiki platform.

Practical tips

  • Start editing a page by clicking Edit in the upper right corner.
  • When you have finished, click Save (you can Preview the changes first). Click "Close" if you don't want to save your changes.
  • Quick guide to the Wiki editor:

  • Use Sandbox for testing the features of the Wiki editor.
  • Longer pages need to be divided into Sections.
  • Use the pre-defined styles for Headings. Heading 1 for the first level, etc. For text, use the "Paragraph" style.
  • Do not use numbering for Headings (it is not critical if you do, but I will eventually remove it).
  • Use the Bullet list / Numbered list tools for unordered / ordered lists.
  • Tables can be added with the "Insert table" tool.
  • Images can be added with the "Insert files and images" tool
    • Important: Always upload your images as page attachments (see figure below). Never use web links, these will break eventually. If you want to use a web image, first save it to your computer and then upload it. Include a link to the original source and licensing information in the figure caption (See Figures section below for details). 

General content guidelines

  • Create content that you would enjoy reading yourself. 
  • Emphasize clarity rather than very long discussions.
  • Important: Please do not copy-paste things from Wikipedia (or elsewhere). Instead, look for the original references in Wikipedia, study those, and prepare your own description of the topic.

Links and creating a new page

  • To link to an existing page, select text, click Add link, and use the "Search" tab to search for the existing page in the Wiki.
  • To create a new page, select text, click Add link, and use the "Advanced" tab -> write the name of the new page in the "Link" textbox. When you finish editing the page, you can click the new link and it will create the new page.
  • Important: When linking to journal articles, always use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) link (e.g.


  • Please make new figures yourself whenever possible
    • When you create a new figure for the Wiki, the figure caption must end with "(Figure: Author Name)". This is important to keep track of proper licensing.
    • For creating schematic figures, Powerpoint is easy but rather powerful tool.
    • Important: if you create new schematic figures with Powerpoint:
      • Add a PNG version of your figure on the page
      • Also add the original Powerpoint file as page attachment (when not in Edit mode → top right corner, next to "Share", click "..." and choose "Attachments" → Attach your Powerpoint file).
  • If you take a figure from somewhere else, follow these guidelines:
    • The figure must be openly licensed, so that it can be freely used in the Wiki (Creative Commons, Public Domain, etc.). Please ask the teacher if you are not sure. Figures that are not openly licensed will be removed from the Wiki before the page is graded.
    • Open Access scientific publications are an excellent source of open access figures. For example, go to Scopus database (Aalto Login required) -> enter your topic → Search → Select All Open Access from the left → click Limit to. Important: sometimes Scopus may report a paper as Open Access if there is a PDF version available for download for example from an institutional publication repository. This does not yet mean that we can freely re-use figures from the paper. The license stated in the paper must allow re-use of figures (for example, Creative Commons license). Please ask the teacher if you are not sure.
    • Clearly state the original source and the license in the figure caption.
      • The best way is to add a citation to the original source (and a link in case of online source).
      •  For an example, see Figure 3 on the page on Scanning Electron Microscopy


Please use Simple Cite to cite the literature. This way you will also get an automatically generated bibliography on your wiki page.

Math and equations

If your Wiki page includes mathematical equations, please use MathJax macros.

Detailed content guidelines for Synthesis or Characterization technique pages

For synthesis topics:

  • Describe the general working principles of the technique.
    • Use schematic pictures where it clarifies the concept.
    • Include at least one reference to a textbook or journal publication where the technique is described in detail.
  • Give concrete examples on the synthesis method (with reaction equations).
    • Show pictures of products, when available.
    • Include some references to textbooks or journal publications.
  • Good examples of synthesis topics: High-pressure synthesis, Single-crystal growth in gel medium, and Chemical vapor deposition (CVD).

For characterization topics:

  • Describe the general working principles of the technique.
    • Use schematic figures where it clarifies the concept.
    • Include at least one reference to a textbook or journal publication where the technique is described in detail.
  • Describe at least one journal publication where the technique was necessary for the characterization of a solid-state material.
  • Good examples of characterization topics: Nanoindentation, Electron Diffraction, and X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy.

Detailed content guidelines for pages on d-metal oxides or Zintl Phases

  • Search for journal papers that discuss the chosen material
    • One easy way to find papers is to look for the structure in COD or ICSD and then look for the references there
  • Introduce the material
    • Explain the broader context for the material: for example, what kind of related materials are known, do the structures clearly belong to some well-known class of materials, when this class of materials was originally discovered, etc.
    • Include few literature references to previous work on this class of materials
    • Finally, briefly mention the possible technological applications of the materials (there might not be any and that's also fine!)
  • Describe how the material can be synthetized (add suitable links to the Synthesis section of the Wiki)
  • Describe the basic physical properties of the compound in a table (Molar mass, density, appearance, melting point / decomposition temperature at atmospheric pressure)
  • Summarize any vibrational spectroscopic data (IR/Raman) you may have found for the compound (possible sources: literature, RRUFF database)
  • Description of the structure
    • Summarize the crystal structure information (at least crystal system, space group, unit cell parameters, number of atoms in the unit cell)
      • Mention one COD or ICSD code for the structure (if available) 
    • Can the structure be described in terms of close packing, linked polyhedra, layers, chains, clusters, or some other way?
    • How would you describe the chemical bonding in this structure?
    • Visualize the structure by creating illustrations with the VESTA program (or some other program producing structural illustrations of high quality).
    • When creating the illustrations, pay attention on the key structural motifs of the structures and try to make these clearly visible (for example: if the material is a layered material, make sure that the presence of the structural layers is obvious).
    • It may be fruitful to prepare illustrations from different viewing angles and/or with different drawing scheme (ball-stick / polyhedral / van der Waals).
    • It may also be fruitful to prepare additional illustrations where only certain substructures of the complete structure are visible (for example, atomic clusters or chains)
    • Note that in VESTA you can tune the atomic /ionic / van der Waals radii of the atoms via "Properties" -> "Atoms". For example: in a structure with Li+ ions, it usually makes sense to use the ionic radius of Li, not the atomic one (the latter is much larger)
  • Add other interesting facts if you can find them
    • Is there something special about the structure, properties, functionality, economical factors, ...?
  • Remember to add citations to original literature
  • Good examples: CaSi2, LiBSi2, and VO2 (monoclinic).

Detailed content guidelines for pages on battery chemistries

  • The page must include some structural description as discussed above for d-metal oxides (electrode materials and possibly the electrolyte).
  • The electrochemistry of the battery must be described.
  • For other parts, you can follow the guidelines for d-metal oxides above, but instead of physical properties and spectroscopic data, you can put more emphasis on electrochemistry, electrochemical characterization, and applications.
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