Base of the Pyramid


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Publications and seminars

Some of our Research Findings

Halme, M., Lindeman, S. & Linna, P. 2012.  Innovation for Inclusive Business: Intrapreneurial Bricolage in Multinational Corporations. Journal of Management Studies. Volume 49, Issue 4, pages 743-784. Available here (pdf)

Lindeman, S. 2012. Market formation in subsistence contexts: a study of informal waste trade practices in Tanzania and Brazil. Consumption Markets & Culture. Available here (pdf)

Landau, T. 2012. Liiketoimintamallit Base of the Pyramid -markkinoilla (Business models in BOP markets). Masters thesis, Aalto University School of Business. Available here (pdf)

Linna, P. 2011. Community-Level Entrepreneurial Activities: Case Study from Rural Kenya. International Journal of Business and Public Management, Volume 1, pages 22-43.

Hietapuro, M. 2011. Partnerships in BOP Business. Masters thesis, Aalto University School of Economics. Available here (pdf).

Haapkylä, H. 2011. Review of Benefits of Mobility in the Base of the Pyramid Narkets. Masters thesis, Aalto University School of Economics. Available here (pdf)

Halme, M., Lindeman, S. & Linna, P. 2009. Innovation toward Inclusive Growth within Multinational Corporations: Intrapreneurship and Bricolage in Nokia and ABB. Paper was selected for presentation for the 2010 Academy of Management Annual Meeting Montréal, Canada August 6-10.

Halme M. & Lindeman, S. 2009. Innovating sustainable energy for the rural BOP: Bricolage and intrapreneurship in ABB’s mini-hydro power project in rural Ethiopia.

Linna, P. 2009. BOP telecom business in Vietnam: preliminary findings of pilot-study. Paper presented at the oikos UNDP Young Scholars Development Academy 2009 Growing Inclusive Markets.

Weiss, M., Gibbert, M. & Välikangas, L. 2009. Strategies for breakthrough innovation  - Leader to Leader, 2009. Available here.

Halme, M. (2008). Innovatiivinen kehitysmaaliiketoiminta osana globaalia vastuuta ja kestävää kehitystä, teoksessa Rohweder (2008).

Kandachar P. & Halme M. (eds.) 2008 Sustainability challenges and solutions at the base of the pyramid: Business, technology and the poor. Aizlewood Mills: Greenleaf Publishing.

Välikangas, L. & Gibber, M. 2008. Less is More- Financial aid discourages innovative solutions to poverty. Standford Social Innovation Review. Summer 2008.

Gibbert, M., Hoegl, M. & Välikangas, L. 2007. In Praise of resource constraints. MIT Sloan management review, Volume 48, Issue 3, pages 15-17

Välikangas, L. & Gibber, M. 2004. Boundaries and innovation: Special Issue Introduction. Long Range Planning, Volume 37, Issue 6.


Emerald Group Publishing awarded Minna Halme, Sara Lindeman and Paula Linna’s article for being highly cited, read more

Please do contact us if you wish to know more. We are happy to provide articles and tell more about our current research.

BoP in media

  • Finpro infront, teema "Base of the Pyramid" markkinat,  2/2010, Minna Halme
  • "Bisnestä köyhien markkinoilla", Kehitys 2/2010, Minna Halme
  • "Katseet enemmistöön päin", Tekes Näköalat asiakaslehti 3/2010, Sara Lindeman
  • "Kehitysmaiden köyhyys - ja rikastu", Helsingin Sanomat Ulkomaat osasto 6.7.2008

Workshops and seminars

  • Commercialization and Scaling-up Inclusive Businesses in Emerging Markets
    20 April 2012, Helsinki Finland
  • Learning from User-driven Innovations and Entrepreneurs at the BOP
    24-25 October 2011, Nairobi Kenya
  • Exploring the BOP: Sustainable and User-driven Innovations
    17-18 January 2011, Helsinki Finland
  • Growth and Innovations at the Base of the Pyramid Markets
    April 2010, Helsinki Finland. BOP business opportunities and market-entry issues were discussed with different Finnish stakeholders.
  • Wellbeing in Low-Income Communities
    December 2008, Helsinki Finland. Discussion forum for different stakeholders. Keynote speaker was Professor Martha Nussbaum.
  • International Conference on Sustainable Innovations at the Base of the Pyramid
    September 2008, Helsinki Finland. Brought together representatives from business, academia, NGOs and the public sector to discuss whether and what kind of innovations can combat poverty at the BoP in an economically profitable way. Examples were introduced by organizations such as Nokia, GrameenPhone, ABB, UNDP and Phillips Design. 


If you want to know more about our project activities, please contact us, we are happy to give you more details!